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RIG VEDIC GODS


Indra   He was the most important divinity. He played the role of a warlord, leading the Aryan soldiers to victory against the demons. He was associated with thunder and storm and is addressed by various names: Ratheshtha, Jitendra Somapa, Purandra, varitrahan and Maghayam
Agni He was the second important divinity. He was intermediary between gods and men
Varuna He was the upholder of Rita or cosmic order or natural order. He personified water
Soma He was considered to be the God of plants. An intoxicant drink was also called soma
Yama He was the guardian of the world of dead
Surya Similar to that of the Greek God Helios
Savitri The famous gayatri mantra is addressed to savitri
Pusan Lord of jungle path, main function was that of guarding of roads, herdsmen and cattle
Vishnu A relatively minor God at that time
Vayu Wind God
Dyaus Father of Heaven
Aditi Goddess of Eternity
Maruts Storm spirits
Gandharvas Divine Musicians
Ashvins Healers of diseases and experts in surgical art
Ribhus Gnomes
Apsaras Mistresses of Gods
Rudra An archer of God, whose anger brought disease
Vishvadeva Intermediate Deities
Aranyani Goddess of Forest
Usha Goddess of Dawn
Prithvi Goddess of Earth

RIVERS MENTIONED IN RIG VEDA

RIG VEDIC NAMES NEW NAME
Sindhu Indus
Vitasta Jhelum
Asikni Chenab
Purushni Ravi
Vipas Beas
Sutlej Sutudri
Gomati Gumal
Kurram Krumu
Ghaggar Drishadvati
Suvasthu Swat
Kubha Kabul
Naditarna Saraswati
Sadanira Gandak

TYPES OF MARRIAGES:

Brahma Marriage of a duly dowered girl to a man of the same varna with Vedic rites and rituals
Daiva Father gives the daughter to the sacrificial priests as part of fee or dakshina
Arsa A token bride - price of a cow and a bull is given
Prajapati Marriage without dowry and bride - price
Gandharva   Marriage by the consent of two parties, often clandestine. A special form of it was swayamvara or self choice
Asura Marriage by purchase
Paisacha   It is seduction of a girl while asleep, mentally deranged or drunk, hence it can hardly be called a marriage
Rakshasa Marriage by Capture

 

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