Explanation: The Regulating Act of 1773 designated the Governor of Bengal as the 'Governor General of Bengal' and created an Executive Council of four members to assist him. The first such Governor General was Lord Warren Hastings
Explanation:As per Charter Act of 1853, an open competition system of selection and recruitment of civil servants was introduced. The Macaulay Committee (the Committee on the Indian Civil Service) was appointed in 1854
Explanation:The Indian Councils Act of 1861 is an important landmark in the constitutional and political history of india, because it initiated the process of decentralisation and Indians enter into Viceroy's council
Explanation:Minto Morley Reforms (1909), introduced a system of communal representation for Muslims by accepting the concept of 'seperate electorate'. Under this, the Muslim members were to be elected only by Muslim voters. Thus, the Act 'legalised communalism' and Lord Minto came to be known as the 'Father of Communal Electorate'
Explanation: Government of India Act of 1919 introduced, for the first time, bicameralism and direct elections in the country. thus, the Indian Legislative Council was replaced by a bicameral legislature consisting of an Upper House (Council of State) and a Lower House (Legislative Assembly). The majority of members of both the Houses were chosen by direct election.